How I took the image of a person walking in front of a Baroque house that is reflected in the puddle?
Taking reflection images is a different mindset to everyday photography. Initially you need to look at the ground or surface of any body of water that is reflective. Often the best image is taken when the photographer gets on his knees or lies down. Polarizer filter is essential during any light situation to draw the correct contrast on the surface of the body of water. Thus, the initial image is taken upside down and as a mirror image. The vast amount of images need to be presented upside down to how they were photographed, so we see them as they are in reality, however, they are still a mirror image.
The only time we will have a perfectly reflected image if the water is still (no wind or even light breeze) and there is at least 1 cm of water below the surface. Otherwise images will not be perfect and create all kind of visual distortions or not be clear. This is due to various factors. The major one is the rippling of the surface of the water caused by wind. In case of the puddle reflections another factor is the street surface. Cobble stones can be very visible if the sky is overcast but not seen (except around the puddle) if sunny. There can be other spots, that might appear as blemishes, depending on the surface of the street, ie, stones, leaves, sand and other objects. Resulting in surrealistic art.
The final secret to photographing puddle reflections is going out when it starts to rain – while most people hide indoors.
© Richard Nebeský